What Causes Hair Loss? Various things can cause hair loss, from diseases and medications to stress and heredity. Male pattern baldness, the most common type, involves androgen hormones and genetics. Doctors call this type of hair loss “androgenic” or “androgenetic” alopecia. Men with pattern baldness inherit a sensitivity to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a powerful androgen. DHT is derived from testosterone, the most important male reproductive hormone. Type II 5-alpha-reductase, a metabolic enzyme, is responsible for creating DHT from testosterone. Dihydrotestosterone is important for the development of secondary male sex characteristics. It creates the features that distinguish men from women. In this regard, DHT is a good thing for men, but too much of it can lead to hair loss. When DHT binds to the hair follicles in the scalp, it causes them to miniaturize or shrink. This makes it hard for healthy hair to grow. As old hair falls out, new hair grows shorter and weaker until it eventually stops growing.
What Are the Remedies? The market is inundated with hair loss products, but only two types can treat pattern baldness: hormone blockers and growth stimulants. To protect existing hair and prevent further loss, treatments must address DHT sensitivity, stimulate hair growth or both. In truth, this eliminates about 99 percent of the advertised hair loss products. To stop or reverse hair loss, men must start treatment as soon as they notice the first signs of baldness. Hair loss is a gradual process, and the best treatments work gradually. The most effective ones contain medications or ingredients that reduce scalp DHT and stimulate new growth. DHT inhibitors are the most effective remedies for male pattern baldness.
Most of them contain finasteride, a prescription drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat hair loss. Essentially, DHT inhibitors stop the cause of baldness. Growth stimulants are effective for the creation of new hair. They usually contain minoxidil, a non-prescription topical solution approved for hair growth by the FDA. Most men with pattern baldness combine growth stimulants with DHT inhibitors for optimum results. Antiandrogens also work for male pattern baldness. Unlike DHT inhibitors, which stop hormone production, antiandrogens stop the already-created DHT from reaching the hair follicles. They are often combined with DHT inhibitors and growth stimulants. Anti-inflammatories are also important hair loss remedies.
As common ingredients in many hair loss shampoos, they treat redness, itching and inflammation caused by DHT sensitivity. Anti-inflammatories help the other hair loss treatments work effectively. When Should Treatment Start? Hair loss remedies are most effective when they are started early in the hair loss process. The longer men put off starting a treatment regimen, the harder it is to reverse their situation. It is much easier to stop hair loss early than to grow new hair later. Young men who start treatments early in the process may be the first generation of men to keep their hair. However, even those who have lost hair for five, ten or even 15 years can reverse their baldness with the right treatments. The best regimens combine treatments for a multi-faceted approach to hair loss and regrowth.
Hair loss is a gradual process, and the best treatments work gradually. The most effective remedies contain medications or ingredients that lower dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and stimulate hair growth. About The Author: Jake Conner has been a researcher and author for more than 11 years. Jake has made it his mission to discover solutions that can improve the lives of other people. When Jake is not researching a health related topic such as Alopecia, he spends most of his time traveling with his family.